NOAA data demonstrates that 2016 was not the ‘hottest year ever’

@NOAA data demonstrates that 2016 was not the ‘hottest year ever’ in the USA

 

Today, there’s all sorts of caterwauling over the NYT headline by Justin Gillis that made it above the fold in all caps, no less:  FOR THIRD YEAR, THE EARTH IN 2016 HIT RECORD HEAT.

nyt-record-heat-2016

I’m truly surprised they didn’t add an exclamation point too. (h/t to Ken Caldiera for the photo)

Much of that “record heat” is based on interpolation of data in the Arctic, such as BEST has done. For example:

But in reality, there’s just not much data at the poles, there is no permanent thermometers at the North pole, since sea ice drifts, is unstable, and melts in the summer as it has for millennia. Weather stations can’t be permanent in the Arctic ocean. So, the data is often interpolated from the nearest land-based thermometers.

To show this, look at how NASA GISS shows data with and without data interpolation to the North pole:

WITH 1200 kilometer interpolation:
2016-giss-1200km-interpolation

WITHOUT 1200 kilometer interpolation:

2016-giss-250km-interpolation

Here is the polar view:

WITH 1200 kilometer interpolation:

2016-polar-giss-1200km-interpolation

WITHOUT 1200 kilometer interpolation:

2016-polar-giss-250km-interpolation

Source: https://data.giss.nasa.gov/gistemp/maps/https://data.giss.nasa.gov/gistemp/maps/

Grey areas in the maps indicate missing data.

What a difference that interpolation makes.

So you can see that much of the claims of “global record heat” hinge on interpolating the Arctic temperature data where there is none. For example, look at this map of Global Historical Climatological Network (GHCN) coverage:

GHCN-paucity-stations-poles

As for the Continental USA, which has fantastically dense thermometer coverage as seen above, we were not even close to a record year according to NOAA’s own data. Annotations mine on the NOAA generated image:

2016-2012-conus-temperature

Source: https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/cag/time-series/us/110/0/tavg/ytd/12/1996-2016?base_prd=true&firstbaseyear=1901&lastbaseyear=2000

  • NOAA National Centers for Environmental information, Climate at a Glance: U.S. Time Series, Average Temperature, published January 2017, retrieved on January 19, 2017 from http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/cag/

That plot was done using NOAA’s own plotter, which you can replicate using the link above. Note that 2012 was warmer than 2016, when we had the last big El Niño. That’s using all of the thermometers in the USA that NOAA manages and utilizes, both good and bad.

What happens if we select the state-of-the-art pristine U.S. Climate Reference Network data?

Same answer – 2016 was not a record warm year in the USA, 2012 was:

2016-uscrn-annual-temperature

Source: https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/temp-and-precip/national-temperature-index/time-series?datasets%5B%5D=uscrn&parameter=anom-tavg&time_scale=p12&begyear=2004&endyear=2016&month=12

Interestingly enough, if we plot the monthly USCRN data, we see that sharp cooling in the last datapoint which goes below the zero anomaly line:

2016-uscrn-temperature

Source: https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/temp-and-precip/national-temperature-index/time-series?datasets%5B%5D=uscrn&parameter=anom-tavg&time_scale=ann&begyear=2004&endyear=2016&month=12

Cool times ahead!

Added: In the USCRN annual (January to December) graph above, note that the last three years in the USA were not record high temperature years either.

arrested-ds-160x32

https://arresteddevelopments.wordpress.com

Along with thanks and compliments to the sources for the shared data

Creative Commons Copyright © Arrested Developments 2015

 

 

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