Category Archives: Greetings

India’s States in comparison with Countries of the World

Today is 26 January, the day marks the anniversary of the Proclamation of the Republic


If you are visiting anywhere in India on January 26, you can experience the colorful parades and excitement of the country’s national holiday. Many say it is one of the greatest shows on earth, showcasing India’s tribal traditions and cultures in all their diversity.

Let us find on this occasion an amazing information in regards to this vast country.

Area wise, India is the 7th largest country in the world. There are so many other countries across the globe which are way smaller than India’s individual states.

But, we cannot forget the fact that despite of being the 7th largest country area wise, India has  the world’s second largest population. Now, this is a bit off proportion, isn’t it? So, let me show you how disproportionate and crowded India actually is, although I’m sure you have a neat idea.


We inspired by an image made by Reddit user garaile64 that picked countries which have the same area as 29 different states of India. Then we wondered about the staggering difference in the population & decided to make a comparison. The area mentioned is a round figure of the average of both the state and the country’s area. Have a look.

1. 163,000 km²


2. 83,000 km²


3. 78,000 km²


4. 94,000 km²


5. 136,000 km²


6. 3,700 km²


7. 196,000 km²


8. 44,000 km²


9. 56,000 km²


10. 220,000 km²


11. 79,000 km²


12. 195,000 km²


13. 38,000 km²


14. 309,000 km²


15. 308,000 km²


16. 22,000 km²


17. 22,000 km²


18. 21,000 km²


19. 17,000 km²


20. 160,000 km²


21. 51,000 km²


22. 342,000 km²


23. 7,000 km²


The above is the combined map of Israel and Palestine. Check out an actualPalestine map here.

24. 130,000 km²


25. 113,000 km²


26. 10,000 km²


27.  243,000 km²


28. 52,000 km²


29. 88,000 km²


Except Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram & Sikkim, all the other 26 states are bypassing their parallel country’s population by a huge margin. It’s not news to us that ‘population’ is one of the biggest problems India is facing, but every time you look at such statistics, it hits you hard.


Along with thanks and compliments to the sources for the shared data

Creative Commons Copyright © Arrested Developments 2015


Donald Trump’s Inaugural address

Donald Trump’s Inaugural address


Donald Trump has been sworn in as the 45th president of the United States.

To a crowd of hundreds of thousands Trump gave his first inaugural address to the American people after taking the oath of office.


Presidents have been inaugurated on January 20, since Franklin D. Roosevelt took the oath of office in 1937, moving up from the previous day of March 4.

The swearing-in is just one of the day’s activities.

Traditionally, presidents have started the day with a morning worship service and Trump was handed the nuclear codes and briefed on firing missiles ahead of the ceremony.

The security convoy escorting the Trumps to church was enormous.

Trump was sworn in using two Bibles – his own, and the one used by Abraham Lincoln at his first inauguration in 1861, and the oath will be administered by Chief Justice John Roberts.

The Lincoln Bible is bound in burgundy velvet, and was also used for Barack Obama’s inaugurations in 2009 and 2013.

In front of a crowd of around 900,000 Americans, Trump took to the stage and vowed to unite a divided country in his inaugural address.


Below is a rush transcript of Trump’s speech in full:

Chief Justice Roberts, President Carter, President Clinton, President Bush, President Obama, fellow Americans, and people of the world, thank you”.


We, the citizens of America, are now joined in a great national effort to rebuild our country and restore its promise for all of our people. Together, we will determine the course of America and the world for many, many years to come.

We will face challenges. We will confront hardships, but we will get the job done. Every four years, we gather on these steps to carry out the orderly and peaceful transfer of power. And we are grateful to President Obama and first lady Michelle Obama for their gracious aid throughout this transition. They have been magnificent. Thank you.

Today’s ceremony however, has very special meaning, because today we are not merely transferring power from one administration to another or from one party to another, but we are transferring power from Washington, DC, and giving it back to you, the people.


For too long, a small group in our nation’s Capital have reaped the rewards of government while people have borne the cost. Washington flourished, but the people did not share in its wealth.

Politicians prospered, but the jobs left and the factories closed. The establishment protected itself, but not the citizens of our country. Their victories have not been your victories. Their triumphs have not been your triumphs, and while they celebrated in our nation’s capital, there was little to celebrate for struggling families all across our land.

That all changes starting right here and right now, because this moment is your moment. It belongs to you. It belongs to everyone gathered here today and everyone watching all across America. This is your day. This is your celebration. And this, the United States of America, is your country.

Because what truly matters is not what truly controls our government but whether our government is controlled by the people. January 20, 2017, will be remembered as the day the people became the rulers of this nation again.

The forgotten men and women of our country will be forgotten no longer. Everyone is listening to you now. You came by the tens of millions to become part of a historic movement, the likes of which the world has never seen before.

At the center of this movement is a crucial conviction, that a nation exists to serve its citizens. Americans want great schools for their children, safe neighborhoods for their families, and good jobs for themselves. These are just and reasonable demands of righteous people and a righteous public. But for too many of our citizens, a different reality exists.

Mothers and children trapped in poverty in our inner cities, rusted-out factories, scattered like tombstones across the landscape of our nation, an education system flush with cash but which leaves our young and beautiful students deprived of all knowledge.

And the crime and the gangs and the drugs that have stolen too many lives and robbed our country of so much unrealized potential. This American carnage stops right here and stops right now.

We are one nation, and their pain is our pain. Their dreams are our dreams, and their success will be our success. We share one heart, one home, and one glorious destiny.

The oath of office I take today is an oath of allegiance to all Americans.

For many decades, we have enriched foreign industry at the expense of American industry, subsidized the armies of other countries while allowing for the very sad depletion of our military.

We have defended other nations’ borders while refusing to defend our own, and spent trillions and trillions of dollars overseas while America’s infrastructure has fallen into disrepair and decay.

We’ve made other countries rich while the wealth, strength, and confidence of our country has dissipated over the horizon. One by one, the factories shuttered and left our shores with not even a thought about the millions and millions of American workers that were left behind. The wealth of our middle class has been ripped from their homes and then redistributed all across the world.

But that is the past, and now we are looking only to the future. We assembled here today are issuing a new decree to be heard in every city, in every foreign capital, and in every hall of power. From this day forward, a new vision will govern our land. From this day forward, it’s going to be only America first, America first.

Every decision on trade, on taxes, on immigration, on foreign affairs will be made to benefit American workers and American families. We must protect our borders from the ravages of other countries making our products, stealing our companies, and destroying our jobs.

Protection will lead to great prosperity and strength. I will fight for you with every breath in my body. And I will never, ever let you down.

America will start winning again, winning like never before. We will bring back our jobs. We will bring back our borders. We will bring back our wealth. And we will bring back our dreams. We will build new roads and highways and bridges and airports and tunnels and railways all across our wonderful nation. We will get our people off of welfare and back to work,rebuilding our country with American hands and American labor.

We will follow two simple rules: Buy American and hire American.

We will seek friendship and goodwill with the nations of the world, but we do so with the understanding that it is the right of all nations to put their own interests first. We do not seek to impose our way of life on anyone, but rather to let it shine as an example. We will shine for everyone to follow. We will reinforce old alliances and form new ones and reform the world against radical Islamic terrorism, which we will eradicate from the face of the Earth.

At the bedrock of our politics will be a total allegiance to the United States of America and through our loyalty to our country, we will rediscover our loyalty to each other. When you open your heart to patriotism, there is no room for prejudice. The Bible tells us how good and pleasant it is when God’s people live together in unity. We must speak our minds openly, debate our disagreements honestly, but always pursue solidarity.

When America is united, America is totally unstoppable.

There should be no fear. We are protected, and we will always be protected. We will be protected by the great men and women of our military and law enforcement. And most importantly, we will be protected by God.

Finally, we must think big and dream even bigger. In America, we understand that a nation is only living as long it is striving. We will no longer accept politicians who are all talk and no action, constantly complaining but never doing anything about it. The time for empty talk is over.

Now arrives the hour of action. Do not allow anyone to tell you that it cannot be done. No challenge can match the heart and fight and spirit of America. We will not fail. Our country will thrive and prosper again. We stand at the birth of a new millennium, ready to unlock the mysteries of space, to free the Earth from the miseries of disease and harness the energies, industries, and technologies of tomorrow.

A new national pride will stir ourselves, lift our sights, and heal our divisions. It’s time to remember that old wisdom our soldiers will never forget, that whether we are black or brown or white, we all bleed the same red blood of patriots. We all enjoy the same glorious freedoms. And we all salute the same great American flag.

And whether a child is born in the urban sprawl of Detroit or the windswept plains of Nebraska, they look at the same night sky. They fill their heart with the same dreams, and they are infused with the breath of life by the same almighty creator.

So to all Americans, in every city near and far, small and large, from mountain to mountain, from ocean to ocean, hear these words: You will never be ignored again.

Your voice, your hopes, and your dreams will define our American destiny. And your courage, goodness, and love will forever guide us along the way.

Together, we will make America strong again. We will make America wealthy again. We will make America proud again. We will make America safe again.

And yes, together, we will make America great again.

Thank you. God bless you. And God bless America”.

Melania and Donald Trump on the way to church on inauguration day

Trump’s election was greeted with concern by many countries around the world, in part because of the potential for an isolationist foreign policy. Now he has been sworn in, when does Trump get the chance to start work on the controversial policies which have divided a nation?



Along with thanks and compliments to the sources for the shared data

Creative Commons Copyright © Arrested Developments 2015


A Glimpse into 2017: You and Your Site in the New Year (Part III) — Discover

A Glimpse into 2017: You and Your Site in the New Year

Another set of bloggers share their resolutions and plans for 2017.

In it’s Resolutions series, WordPress asked writers, artists, photographers, poets, and business and website owners: what’s in store for you — and your site — in 2017?

Last week, everyone shared goals here at Discover and The Daily Post. Here’s a final set of resolutions to inspire your own journey in the new year.

To Read the full post Click the link given below:

via A Glimpse into 2017: You and Your Site in the New Year (Part III) — Discover



Along with thanks and compliments to the sources for the shared data

Creative Commons Copyright © Arrested Developments 2015

A Glimpse into 2017: You and Your Site in the New Year

WordPress Discover, asked writers, photographers, artists, poets, and business and website owners: what’s in store for you — and your site — in 2017? Here Members of the community share their goals for the new year.

Bloggers share their resolutions and plans for 2017.

Kelly Heapy, travel blogger, Compass & Camera

Kelly from Compass & Camera at Mount Everest.

Kelly from Compass & Camera at Mount Everest.

In 2017, I look forward to expanding the content of Compass & Camera to include a series of posts about my experience of moving and living abroad. From the US to London to Singapore to Vancouver, the past ten years have been an ongoing journey of finding home and finding myself.

I’ll also be telling the story of my grandmother’s trip to Europe in 1972, through her travel diary and postcards — my most cherished keepsakes from her life.

And in 2017, I have two goals. First, I hope to combine my travel experience and design expertise in the first edition of a travel magazine. Secondly, I’ll be collaborating with my husband, a feature film visual effects producer, throughout a journey abroad with 360° content from destinations my followers might never go to themselves. It’s an exciting time to make Compass & Camera more compelling than ever. I hope you’ll follow along!

Cecilia Gunther, farmer, The Kitchen’s Garden

Remember when you had your heart broken for the first time and you knew you would not survive, you would surely die of it, you had made a massive error, your body was doomed to shrivel up, and your mind would turn to dust from loneliness?

So in 2017, I would like to give myself, and my daily farm blog, permission to fail and start each day clean and new.

Then someone said, “Take it one morning at a time. Tomorrow is a new day.”

“What rubbish,” I had thought at the time, clutching at my broken heart.

Of course I took no notice at all — after all my heart was BREAKING. Hullo!

But I did heal. In fact, being human, I healed enough to go on and make many more mistakes. So in 2017, I would like to give myself, and my daily farm blog, permission to fail and start each day clean and new. No more fretting and agonizing over perfection.

If I make a mistake? OK, I’ll fix it. No hiding or pointing or running and screaming in the other direction. I will own the mistake, think on it, then fix it and learn from it.

The learning is the hard part. Wish me luck!

Emily Austin, parenting blogger, The Waiting

My blogging resolution for 2017 is to get active. On November 9, 2016, I woke up at 2:45 am absolutely terrified by the future of America as lead by President-Elect Donald Trump. And in the past weeks since the election, I’ve realized that my fears weren’t unfounded and that I am morally obligated to speak out against the hate-filled, despotic path the United States is now on.

But the blog isn’t about us; in fact, its main virtue will be the voices of others.

My blogging friend Crystal at Broken Condoms and I started talking about what we could do to process our feelings and mobilize ourselves and others into action, and we are excited to launch Equality Diaries early next year. But the blog isn’t about us; in fact, its main virtue will be the voices of others. We’d love for people to get involved and to contact us at to share their story. We’re looking for posts about how people are promoting kindness, equality, and love during this time when those things seem to be in short supply; we’re especially interested in hearing from parents and ways that they’re raising their children in a culture of love and inclusion.

Andrew Seal, artist, thechangingpalette

Image by Andrew Seal

Image by Andrew Seal

What’s in store for thechangingpalette and me in 2017:

Keep improving and reorganize the blog; it’s time.

Continue to share paintings and palettes from the studio, and become more skilled with the gift of the Four Treasures of The Study.

Create more multimedia posts, including “over my shoulder” videos.

Be grateful for the privilege of freedom, and use the blog, as I have done far too often (Paris, Marseille, Orlando, Brussels, Istanbul, and now Berlin) to express solidarity and sympathy with those suffering the tragedies and horrors that I expect sadly the year will inevitably bring.

Visit more fellow bloggers, and always be grateful to my wonderful followers who continue to amaze me with their own work.

Look forward to Italy later in the year and the photographs and paintings that I know will be inspired by our visit.

Share the joy of our beautiful granddaughter who will be two next year and really is the light of our lives.

Breathe, laugh, love, slow down, take time, and remain ever hopeful.

Happy holidays and Happy New Year to everyone. I look forward to enjoying the fruits of your own blogging resolutions in 2017.

Susan Rushton, writer and gardener


Susan Rushton at

My readers love nature, curiosities, and creativity. They make me laugh. If I let myself fall backwards, outstretched arms will catch me. I thank my lucky stars I’m blogging in this thoughtful community.

I naturally flick between serious and unserious, which can disconcert the most generous of readers, so I’ve tended to hold back. In 2017, I’ll dodge my inner censor long enough to share a few serious ideas you might think are daft. Such as:

  • How Google has broken the internet and personal, curated, Akismet-like search filters could fix it.
  • Why we should talk to other life forms on our own planet before trying to reach aliens (that one’s not rocket science).
  • Why morning toothpaste should be a different formula to nighttime toothpaste.

And I might even write more on world peace.

You know, the obvious things.

Oh, and I’m learning CSS. (Listens for B-52s-like shouts of “You’re WHAT?”)Look out for me in the forums!

What are your blog or website goals for 2017? For more inspiration, visit WordPress Discover, where they’ll share your final post on resolutions next week.



Source: A Glimpse into 2017: You and Your Site in the New Year (Part II)


Along with thanks and compliments to the sources for the shared data

Creative Commons Copyright © Arrested Developments 2015

Merry Christmas

Christmas celebrations include global call for peace by Pope Francis

Its Christmas and its Jesus’s birthday. Lucky few are those who celebrate their birthdays on Christmas Day🙂 Here’s wishing all my blogger buddies a Merry Christmas ♥️🎄


Call for Peace

Christmas Day celebrations included a call by Pope Francis for peace and an end to terrorism, as well as a traditional holiday meal for hundreds of U.S. soldiers in Iraq who are fighting the Islamic State.

Pope Francis wished Christmas peace for people scarred by wars and for those who have lost loved ones to terrorism. He spoke at the Vatican before an estimated 40,000 people in St. Peter’s Square and to a global audience during his traditional Christmas Day address.

He noted the “most awful recent battles” in Aleppo, Syria, which government forces recalimed from rebels last week, and called for world leaders to find a negotiated solution to Syria’s civil war, which will soon enter its sixth year, according to Vatican Radio.

India Christmas

The pontiff also urged Israelis and Palestinians “to build together a future of mutual understanding and harmony.” The likelihood of that seemed dimmer than usual in the wake of a controversial United Nations Security Council vote on Friday that condemned Israeli settlements on disputed land that Palestinians want for a homeland. The Obama administration broke with traditional U.S. policy of blocking the vote with a veto and instead abstained, which allowed it to pass.

Wishing you all a heart full of love and a smile full of happiness


U.S. troops celebrating Christmas in Iraq again

This is the third Christmas that Staff Sergeant Magdiel Asencio is spending in Iraq. For Sergeant First Class Noel Alvarado, it is number four. And so it is with many U.S. troops stationed less than a hour’s drive from the front line with Islamic State.

U.S. soldiers enjoy a Christmas dinner at an army base in Karamless town, east of Mosul, December 25, 2016.

Coalition advisors were initially concentrated at a high-level headquarters in Baghdad but have fanned out over the past two years to spartan outposts like the one about 15 kilometers (10 miles) east of Mosul to stay near advancing troops.

“Merry Christmas from the most forward TAA at the tip of the spear,”Lieutenant Colonel Stuart James said, using a military acronym for the compound.

The austere outpost nestled in an ancient Christian region has few permanent structures, since the troops plan to move on when the Iraqi forces they are advising advance.

Heavy rain turned much of the grounds into thick mud on Sunday as soldiers huddled inside two dining tents for a special holiday meal where a plastic Christmas tree and a Santa Claus figurine flanked one entrance.


Outside, a soldier in a Santa hat did pull-ups at a makeshift gym.

This is a far cry from the luxurious facilities at the sprawling compound the U.S. military once maintained inside Baghdad’s heavily fortified Green Zone and other big bases.

Yet Alvarado is not too torn up about spending another Christmas away from home.

“Merry Christmas”



Happy Birthday JESUS — Goin’ the extra..aaamile



Along with thanks and compliments to the sources for the shared data

Creative Commons Copyright © Arrested Developments 2015

Merry Christmas in India

PM Narendra Modi could well have played the role of the opposite of Santa Claus this Christmas. 

The impact of demonetisation decision was evident in November PMI data for services and manufacturing and more is in the offing, according to brokerage Nomura. Kerala seems to have suffered a double-whammy in the form of currency crunch, after the ban on liquor a few months earlier, hitting tourism.


Foreign tourist arrivals (FTAs) to Kerala, which is famous for its Christmas traditions, Ayurvedic treatment and backwaters, have suffered a massive jolt and so has Goa. Agra is another victim of subdued activity this year.

In a globalised world, it’s not difficult to gauge the impact of optics in the form of long queues at ATMs, chaos and uncertainty, on tourists who would be in no mood to face hassles during vacation, especially in a foreign destination.

“News about long queues outside ATMs travelled fast and the next thing we received was cancellation orders from Saudi Arabia. 

Arrivals in November were OK since the bookings were done earlier. But cancellations started from December and the prospects for the remaining months look bleak,” the Economic Times quoted Abraham George, chairman of Intersight, the largest tour operator in Kerala, as saying.

The collateral damage could be on houseboats at places such as Alappuza and Kumarakom, though the quantum of hit can be assessed only after data is published.

Though foreign tourists would have paid for their hotel bookings in advance via online and other digital modes, they do need cash for shopping at various shops. The limits on currency exchange imposed by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) impacted them.

Agra, famous for the world-famous Taj Mahal, is witnessing a drop in domestic tourist arrivals, a factor that is adding to its worries as FTAs are already on the decline. A report in the India Today, citing Vishal Sharma of Agra Tourist Welfare Chamber, said that the comfort provided by rise in domestic tourism that used to offset lesser foreign tourist arrivals has taken a hit due to demonetisation.

It is pertinent here that the period October to March is considered tourism season in India; the snowfall in places such as Shimla, Manali, Gulmarg and Srinagar in the months of December and January, apart from an overall cool weather attracts many foreign tourists in Holidays to India.

Despite of Celebrating Christmas Foreign Tourists have to resort to Street Performance to gather money

Foreign tourists in India have come up with the idea of street performances to fund their return tickets to New Delhi due to the cash crunch that the country has been facing following the demonetisation of Rs 500 and Rs 1,000 currency notes.

The demonetisation of the currency notes has left the tourists “virtually penniless” which is why two groups of foreigners, who had come to India in vacations resorted to performing on the streets to raise money. 

The two groups, which consist of 10-12 tourists from Germany, Australia and France, were seen performing near Pushkar’s famous Brahma Temple and also at a crossing at the Gau Ghat in Pushkar on Saturday with the hope that locals might help them with some money. They were also seen holding placards that read: “You can help us” and “Money problem.”

According to a Hindustan Times report, the male members of the two groups played musical instruments while the female members performed acrobatic stunts with big hoops to entertain the large crowd that had gathered on the streets to watch their performance.

The tourists told the daily that they had to resort to street performances because all “ATMs and banks ran out of cash” due to which they could not withdraw money from their bank accounts.

“Locals have been kind to us. So far we have collected around Rs 2,600,” Adlrik, a German tourist, said.

The foreigners desperately want to return to New Delhi and get in touch with the respective embassies to sail through the cash crunch.

“As a last resort, we took recourse to performing on the streets to get some help from locals so that we can at least reach Delhi to seek help from our embassies,” Jayden told HT.

They could not withdraw or exchange money from banks and ATMs despite repeated attempts. 

On Friday, my friend and I stood outside an SBI bank and another friend stood outside an ATM for three hours but as soon as our turn came, the cash was exhausted,” Adalene, a French tourist, said.

Christmas is also known as bada din in India meaning ‘the big day‘.

Customs for Christmas celebrations vary in the vast expanse of India. These variations are largely because of the local cultural influence.

A large number of domestic and international tourists flock to the beaches of Goa during Christmas festival to watch Goa at its best celebration. 

One can also regale in the best of festive music and dance during Christmas festivities. Catholics participate in the traditional midnight mass services locally called Missa de Galo or Cock Crow as they go on well into early hours of the morning. The Carnival, preceding Lent, is the most important event .

This year the Christmas celebrations are also mid-sized.

Merry Christmas to all .. !


Along with thanks and compliments to the sources for the shared data

Creative Commons Copyright © Arrested Developments 2015

Christmas traditions Around the World

Christmas traditions around the world

Customs vary across the world, from gnomes delivering presents to people using different calendars to celebrate the festive season in January.


In fact, not everyone even celebrates Christmas on December 25, and for them Christmas is still a few weeks away.

Across the world, some countries celebrate Christmas on January 7 and use a whole host of traditions that are different from the Santa and his sleigh and mistletoe we are familiar with.

These countries mark Christmas differently because they use the Julian calendar rather than the Gregorian one.

We take a look at the different days Christmas is celebrated across the world, as well as how traditions vary.

The Netherlands

Here, the most important day of the festive season is December 5, when Sinterklaas, or St Nicholas, arrives by steamboat from his home in Spain.

Until the 19th Century, Sinterklaas operated alone, bringing well-behaved children presents and apparently spiriting bad youngsters away in his sack for re-education and a beating.

However, in 1850, children’s author Jan Schenkman drew him with a black servant, who later became known as Zwarte Piet or Black Pete.

It became Zwarte Piet’s job to go down the chimney to deliver presents and catch the less fortunate children.



The land of ice and snow has no fewer than 13 Santa Clauses.

Thirteen days before Christmas, the first Santa descends from the mountains and visits each house to put treats in children’s shoes while they sleep.

Well-behaved children get presents such as mandarins and sweets, while bad kids typically receive something less attractive, such as a potato.

The next day the second Father Christmas comes to town and so on.

Then on December 25, the first one goes back, the next day the second one goes back.

January 6 is called “the thirteenth” and is the last day of Christmas because that day the last Santa goes home.



Here, Christmas Eve is the most important day of the festive season.

Families traditionally mark the occasion with a feast and a visit to church for midnight mass.

Some families will sing at Christmas but in general the mood is one of contemplation and reflection.


For Polish children, there’s less second guessing what they might receive on Christmas Day as presents can start arriving on December 6.


That’s because this is St Nicholas Day, or Sw. Mikolaj Day and St Nicholas is known as the original Father Christmas.

Unlike Santa in the UK, this character dresses in the white and gold of a Bishop, rather than red and white.

Families traditionally enjoy 12 dishes – including the country’s famous pierogi dumplings – on Christmas Eve.

The feast is preceded by Opłatek, a type of Christmas wafer.


If you are living in Norway, the tradition is to exchange presents are exchanged on Christmas Eve.

They are sometimes delivered by Santa Claus, although he goes by the name Julenissen.


But gifts also come in a more unique form – being brought by small gnomes called Nisse.

And in contrast to the mince pies and whisky British children put out for Santa and Rudolf, many families in Norway will leave out rice porridge for the Nisse who are believed to watch over farm animals. They will also leave a sheaf of wheat out for birds to eat over Christmas.


Argentinians decorate their homes with lights and wreaths and hang red and white garlands of flowers on their doors.


Christmas trees are also popular and they are often decorated by December 8 – the feast of the Annunciation, when Christians remember when Mary was told she would have the baby Jesus.

The Nativity scene, or pesebre, is also an important Christmas decoration in Argentina.

Here, the main Christmas meal is eaten during the evening of Christmas Eve.

Popular dishes include roasted turkey, roasted pork, stuffed tomatoes and Christmas bread and puddings like ‘Pan Dulce’ and Panetone.

People often set off fireworks at midnight and ‘toast’ the start of Christmas Day.


Christmas comes in the middle of the summer holidays here, so often it’s more about the BBQ than roast turkey with gravy.

Australians hang wreaths on their front doors and sometimes go carol singing on Christmas Eve.

People also decorate their houses and gardens with Christmas trees and lights.


Australians also decorate their houses with bunches of ‘Christmas Bush’, a native tree with small green leaves and cream coloured flowers.

When he gets to Australia, Santa gives the reindeer a rest and uses kangaroos or ‘six white boomers’.

It is also tradition to play backyard cricket on Boxing Day as the test match from the Melbourne Cricket Ground and the Sydney to Hobart Yacht Race begins.


Similar to other eastern European countries, families eat 12 dishes to represent the 12 apostles on Christmas Eve, including beetroot soup, fish and stuffed cabbages.


They then attend Church and enjoy a Christmas meal on January 7, abiding by the Julian calendar.


Christmas in Nigeria is a family event.


Many families will throw Christmas parties that will last all night long on Christmas Eve, then on Christmas Morning, they go to church to give thanks to God.

Homes and streets are often decorated and most homes have artificial Christmas trees.

Nigerians do eat turkey at Christmas.

However, in addition, a traditional Christmas meal may include beef, goat, sheep, ram or chicken.


In Vietnam Christmas Eve is often more important than Christmas Day.


The country used to belong to France and there are still French influences in its Christmas traditions.

For example, like in France, the special Christmas Eve meal is called ‘reveillon’ and has a ‘bûche de Noël’ (a chocolate cake in the shape of a log) for desert.

Vietnamese people like to give presents of food and at Christmas a bûche de Noël is a popular gift.

Santa is called Ông già Noel – which translates as Christmas old man.

Sri Lanka

Although Sri Lanka is mostly Buddhist (just 7 per cent of people are Christians) Christmas is still a public holiday.


For Christians in Sri Lanka, the Christmas season starts on December 1 when people let off fire crackers at dawn.

The streets are decorated and shopping centres have large Christmas trees in them.

In Sri Lanka, Santa is known as Naththal Seeya.



Christmas is also known as bada din in India meaning ‘the big day‘.

Christian community in India celebrate Christmas with pomp, gaiety and devotion.

Customs for Christmas celebrations vary in the vast expanse of India. These variations are largely because of the local cultural influence.

A large number of domestic and international tourists flock to the beaches of Goa during Christmas festival to watch Goa at its best celebration. One can also regale in the best of festive music and dance during Christmas festivities. Catholics participate in the traditional midnight mass services locally called Missa de Galo or Cock Crow as they go on well into early hours of the morning. The Carnival, preceding Lent, is the most important event .


Christmas is the time to be jolly and spread festival cheer among one and all. On this festive occasion, think what could be a better way to let your near and dear ones know what they mean to you.


Along with thanks and compliments to the sources for the shared data

Creative Commons Copyright © Arrested Developments 2015

Santa Claus busy preparing for Christmas at Home in Finland

Santa Claus busy preparing for Christmas at Lapland home in Finland

Santa receives thousands of letters every day at Christmas time

Santa Claus, also known as Saint NicholasSaint NickKris KringleFather Christmas, or simply Santa, is a legendary figure of Western culture who is said to bring gifts to the homes of well-behaved (“good” or “nice”) children on Christmas Eve (24 December) and the early morning hours of Christmas Day (25 December).

Santa Claus is generally depicted as a portly, joyous, white-bearded man—sometimes with spectacles—wearing a red coat with white fur collar and cuffs, white fur-cuffed red trousers, and black leather belt and boots and who carries a bag full of gifts for children.

Santa Claus is said to make lists of children throughout the world, categorizing them according to their behavior (“good” and “bad”, or “naughty” and “nice”) and to deliver presents, including toys, and candy to all of the well-behaved children in the world, and coal to all the misbehaved children, on the single night of Christmas Eve. He accomplishes this feat with the aid of his elves, who make the toys in his workshop at the North Pole, and his flying reindeer, who pull his sleigh.

Everyone knows Santa – the one and only – comes from Finland

Rovaniemi is the Official Hometown of Santa Claus, and the citys most famous resident can be visited every day of the year in Santa Claus Village right on the Arctic Circle, an attraction that draws more than 300 000 annual visitors from all around the world.

This year too Santa Claus’s helpers have been sorting out piles of letters from around the world, each detailing children’s requests for this Christmas, at his home in Lapland, Finland.

In English, Italian or other languages, youngsters’ handwriting adorns the envelopes addressed to Father Christmas, some decorated with colourful hearts and stars.

As the holiday nears, every day is busy for Santa’s team in the city of Rovaniemi, which calls itself his official hometown, near the Arctic Circle.

A board in the post office says Mr Claus gets some 32,000 letters a day at Christmas time.

China, Poland, Italy, Britain, Finland, Japan and Russia top the list of Mail senders.

In his Christmas message, Mr Claus said:

“Another year is coming to its end and it has been a turbulent year with many big problems but also many very good things.”

“Now as Christmas is coming close, reach out for those who need a helping hand, do it with compassion — that’s the real Christmas spirit.”

Thousands of people visit Rovaniemi each year ahead of Christmas, to meet the man himself, his reindeer and enjoy the magical scenery.


With just a few hours of light at this time of year, they make the most of sleigh rides among the snow-covered trees during the day.

Lapland tourism is a rare bright spot in the Finnish economy, which is struggling to recover from a long stagnation.

Travel to Lapland increased 10 per cent from January to October to more than 2 million overnight stays — and the number is expected to hit a new record in the full year.


In his 30 plus years in Rovaniemi, Santa Claus has received millions of visitors including pop stars, politicians, television personalities, athletes and regular people from every corner of the world in Santa Claus Village. His headquarters on the Arctic Circle has become known to many, many more around the globe through widespread international media coverage.

And yes.. You can also visit Santa Claus everyday of the year in Rovaniemi. The best time of travelling to Rovaniemi depends on what you are after the constantly changing seasons all have their own characteristic light, temperature, natural phenomena and ideal activities.

You can get the info from here:

Merry Christmas..!



Along with thanks and compliments to the sources for the shared data

Creative Commons Copyright © Arrested Developments 2015



The Speed of Light

The Speed of Light and Google Doodle

When I got to see an interesting doodle pasted on google today the 6th of Dec I was really surprised to know that a complex thing like the Speed of Light has been known to us since 340 years, hence forth I went a little deeper into it and fetch some facts & figures out of it although it is later that I’ve decided to put it before you too..

if you know all don’t mind..!

Google Doodle honouring the anniversary of the determination of the speed of light


Prior to a few hundred years ago, it was generally agreed or at least assumed that the speed of light was infinite, when in actuality its just really, really, really fast-  for reference, the speed of light is just slightly slower than the fastest thing in the known universe- a teenage girls response time if Justin Bieber were to say on Twitter, The first to reply to this tweet will be my new girlfriend.

The first known person to question the whole speed of light is infinite thing was the 5th century BC philosopher Empedocles.  Less than a century later, Aristotle would disagree with Empedocles and the argument continued for more than 2,000 years after.

One of the first prominent individuals to actually come up with a tangible experiment to test whether light had a speed was Dutch Scientist, Isaac Beeckman in 1629. Despite living in a time before lasers- which gives me the chills just thinking about- Beeckman understood that, lacking lasers, the basis of any good scientific experiment should always involve explosions of some kind; thus, his experiment involved detonating gunpowder.

Beeckman placed mirrors at various distances from the explosion and asked observers whether they could see any difference in when the flash of light reflected from each mirror reached their eyes.

It wasnt until Danish Astronomer, Ole Römer entered the fray that measurements of the speed of light got serious.

A portrait of Ole Roemer from 1700

Römer determined that, lacking lasers and explosions, an experiment should always involve outer space.  Thus, he based his observations on the movement of planets themselves, announcing his groundbreaking results on August 22, 1676.

What is the speed of light?

The speed of light is exactly 299,792,458 metres per second. James Bradley came closer to this figure in 1728 with the discovery of what is called the “aberration” of starlight and a speed of 295,000,000 metres per second for light.

But the exact number wasn’t decided upon until 1975, after decades of becoming increasingly specific, when the General Conference on Weights and Measures recommended an official figure.

The symbol for the speed of light is and is known for being a “universal physical constant”, which means that it is an exact quantifiable amount that doesn’t change.

The speed of light in a vacuum stands at “exactly 299,792,458 metres per second“.

The reason today we can put an exact figure on it is because the speed of light in a vacuum is a universal constant that has been measured with lasers; and when an experiment involves lasers, it’s hard to argue with the results.

As to why it comes out somewhat conspicuously as a whole number, this is no coincidence- the length of metre is defined using this constant: “the length of the path travelled by light in vacuum during a time interval of 1/299,792,458 of a second.”

Why is it important?

Albert Einstein’s theory of relativity, which underpins modern concepts of space and time, is built on the premise that the speed of light in a vacuum is always the same.

Video :How to measure the speed of light?

Is it possible to go faster than the speed of light?

In 2011 scientists thought they had recorded particles travelling faster than light – a finding that could have overturned one of Einstein’s fundamental laws of the universe.

Antonio Ereditato, spokesman for the international group of researchers, said that measurements taken over three years showed neutrinos pumped from CERN near Geneva to Gran Sasso in Italy had arrived 60 nanoseconds quicker than light would have done.

They were forced to admit that this was all a mistake, however, blaming a faulty wire connection.

For now at least, faster than light speed remains the stuff of science fiction.


Along with thanks and compliments to the sources for the shared data

Creative Commons Copyright © Arrested Developments 2015



Say Hello to the Fake notes of New Indian Currency 


The Indian Prime Minister’s announcement of the withdrawal of ₹1000 and ₹500 notes ranks amongst the most significant economic measures taken by his government. The audacious move has given birth to wild hopes of a decisive blow to the black economy and counterfeit currency.

Henceforth on 10th of November Modi, the Prime Minister of India and it’s Intelligence agencies claimed the security features in the new Rs 2,000 and Rs 500 notes make them impossible to replicate.

They also state that the govt had been informed of a mint in Peshawar where only fake Indian currency notes are printed every year, also Pak pushes Rs 70 crore worth of fake currency into the Indian economy.

Next: RBI displays the newly issued Rs 500 and Rs 2,000 notes.


NEW DELHI: Intelligence agencies vetted the new denominations of Rs 2,000 and Rs 500 notes asserting that its security features will be next to impossible to replicate for Pakistan and organised criminal networks in India.

A top government official without going into the details, told TOI, New Delhi that external intelligence agency Research and Analysis Wing, Intelligence Bureau and the DRI examined the features on the notes being secretly printed for the past six months. The official refused to reveal the number of security features on the notes but said they were difficult to forge.

But you didn’t have to wait for the Pakistan or Terror groups printed high standard fake Indian currencies draining into our economy,(which reportedly uses ink from Frankurt and Switzerland.),

So like so many busted out claims or reasons made and given by Indian Government at the time of announcing the demonetisation of Rs 500 & Rs 1000 currency notes, this one also busted into cold flames or say “Tayen Tayen Phiss” (a popular Hindi idiom).

Fake notes are popping up all across India.

Within a fortnight five separate incidents have been reported in India, And the best quality of fake notes are reported in the state of Odisha. Odisha Police arrested a youth on charge of circulating fake Rs 2,000 notes and recovered Rs 2,45,000  stocked in the newly-introduced denomination post the Centre’s demonetisation move.

Meanwhile in Bolangir district, police seized over Rs 12 lakh from the house of a recruitment agent of migrant labourers skilled in Brick molding, professionally called as ‘Dadan Sardar’ on charge of stashing huge amount of cash.

The police raided the house of a dadan sardar at Tingra village under Saintala police station limits and seized Rs 12,75,900, Bolangir District SP Asish Singh said.

SP said they raided house on a tip-off about fake notes. Out of the total amount recovered, Rs 2,000 notes were also stored which totalled upto Rs 4,80,000, he said. “The police were investigating as to how a dadan sardar could arrange so many Rs 2,000 notes.


The Police first suspected that the man was using local people to get demonetised notes exchanged for the new Rs 2,000 notes in different banks. But was amazed to find that the notes are sophisticated looking fake currencies.  however, Police could not arrested the accused as he absconded before the raid took place, police said.

Earlier, the Odisha police had arrested another youth in Khurdha district while depositing counterfeit currencies worth Rs 42,000, that’s too in a bank (look at the confidence) .

In the state of Gujarat A paan shop owner found a forged Rs 2,000 currency note in his till, featuring the Gandhi watermark, the national emblem and a fake security thread. It was later on, when he wondered how the recently launched note could look so soiled and faded in color, so he suspected it could be a fake and reported the case.

Although Fake notes of the new currency made their first debut In Chikkamagaluru, in the state of Karnataka two days after the notes went into circulation. A local trader approached police to inform them he was handed a photocopy counterfeit note.

Mumbai’s first incidence of fake new notes was recorded in Andheri, when a wine merchant was duped by a customer, who bought liquor with a fake Rs 2,000 note.

A small-time computer operator in Punjab, and his 2 accomplices managed to produce counterfeits using everyday scanners and printers.

One Shopkeeper told “I still cannot differentiate between a fake and real Rs500 and Rs2,000 note. So I have stopped taking these notes”.


Along with thanks and compliments to the sources for the shared data

Creative Commons Copyright © Arrested Developments 2015