Tag Archives: India

India’s States in comparison with Countries of the World

Today is 26 January, the day marks the anniversary of the Proclamation of the Republic


If you are visiting anywhere in India on January 26, you can experience the colorful parades and excitement of the country’s national holiday. Many say it is one of the greatest shows on earth, showcasing India’s tribal traditions and cultures in all their diversity.

Let us find on this occasion an amazing information in regards to this vast country.

Area wise, India is the 7th largest country in the world. There are so many other countries across the globe which are way smaller than India’s individual states.

But, we cannot forget the fact that despite of being the 7th largest country area wise, India has  the world’s second largest population. Now, this is a bit off proportion, isn’t it? So, let me show you how disproportionate and crowded India actually is, although I’m sure you have a neat idea.


We inspired by an image made by Reddit user garaile64 that picked countries which have the same area as 29 different states of India. Then we wondered about the staggering difference in the population & decided to make a comparison. The area mentioned is a round figure of the average of both the state and the country’s area. Have a look.

1. 163,000 km²


2. 83,000 km²


3. 78,000 km²


4. 94,000 km²


5. 136,000 km²


6. 3,700 km²


7. 196,000 km²


8. 44,000 km²


9. 56,000 km²


10. 220,000 km²


11. 79,000 km²


12. 195,000 km²


13. 38,000 km²


14. 309,000 km²


15. 308,000 km²


16. 22,000 km²


17. 22,000 km²


18. 21,000 km²


19. 17,000 km²


20. 160,000 km²


21. 51,000 km²


22. 342,000 km²


23. 7,000 km²


The above is the combined map of Israel and Palestine. Check out an actualPalestine map here.

24. 130,000 km²


25. 113,000 km²


26. 10,000 km²


27.  243,000 km²


28. 52,000 km²


29. 88,000 km²


Except Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram & Sikkim, all the other 26 states are bypassing their parallel country’s population by a huge margin. It’s not news to us that ‘population’ is one of the biggest problems India is facing, but every time you look at such statistics, it hits you hard.



Along with thanks and compliments to the sources for the shared data

Creative Commons Copyright © Arrested Developments 2015


Christmas traditions Around the World

Christmas traditions around the world

Customs vary across the world, from gnomes delivering presents to people using different calendars to celebrate the festive season in January.


In fact, not everyone even celebrates Christmas on December 25, and for them Christmas is still a few weeks away.

Across the world, some countries celebrate Christmas on January 7 and use a whole host of traditions that are different from the Santa and his sleigh and mistletoe we are familiar with.

These countries mark Christmas differently because they use the Julian calendar rather than the Gregorian one.

We take a look at the different days Christmas is celebrated across the world, as well as how traditions vary.

The Netherlands

Here, the most important day of the festive season is December 5, when Sinterklaas, or St Nicholas, arrives by steamboat from his home in Spain.

Until the 19th Century, Sinterklaas operated alone, bringing well-behaved children presents and apparently spiriting bad youngsters away in his sack for re-education and a beating.

However, in 1850, children’s author Jan Schenkman drew him with a black servant, who later became known as Zwarte Piet or Black Pete.

It became Zwarte Piet’s job to go down the chimney to deliver presents and catch the less fortunate children.



The land of ice and snow has no fewer than 13 Santa Clauses.

Thirteen days before Christmas, the first Santa descends from the mountains and visits each house to put treats in children’s shoes while they sleep.

Well-behaved children get presents such as mandarins and sweets, while bad kids typically receive something less attractive, such as a potato.

The next day the second Father Christmas comes to town and so on.

Then on December 25, the first one goes back, the next day the second one goes back.

January 6 is called “the thirteenth” and is the last day of Christmas because that day the last Santa goes home.



Here, Christmas Eve is the most important day of the festive season.

Families traditionally mark the occasion with a feast and a visit to church for midnight mass.

Some families will sing at Christmas but in general the mood is one of contemplation and reflection.


For Polish children, there’s less second guessing what they might receive on Christmas Day as presents can start arriving on December 6.


That’s because this is St Nicholas Day, or Sw. Mikolaj Day and St Nicholas is known as the original Father Christmas.

Unlike Santa in the UK, this character dresses in the white and gold of a Bishop, rather than red and white.

Families traditionally enjoy 12 dishes – including the country’s famous pierogi dumplings – on Christmas Eve.

The feast is preceded by Opłatek, a type of Christmas wafer.


If you are living in Norway, the tradition is to exchange presents are exchanged on Christmas Eve.

They are sometimes delivered by Santa Claus, although he goes by the name Julenissen.


But gifts also come in a more unique form – being brought by small gnomes called Nisse.

And in contrast to the mince pies and whisky British children put out for Santa and Rudolf, many families in Norway will leave out rice porridge for the Nisse who are believed to watch over farm animals. They will also leave a sheaf of wheat out for birds to eat over Christmas.


Argentinians decorate their homes with lights and wreaths and hang red and white garlands of flowers on their doors.


Christmas trees are also popular and they are often decorated by December 8 – the feast of the Annunciation, when Christians remember when Mary was told she would have the baby Jesus.

The Nativity scene, or pesebre, is also an important Christmas decoration in Argentina.

Here, the main Christmas meal is eaten during the evening of Christmas Eve.

Popular dishes include roasted turkey, roasted pork, stuffed tomatoes and Christmas bread and puddings like ‘Pan Dulce’ and Panetone.

People often set off fireworks at midnight and ‘toast’ the start of Christmas Day.


Christmas comes in the middle of the summer holidays here, so often it’s more about the BBQ than roast turkey with gravy.

Australians hang wreaths on their front doors and sometimes go carol singing on Christmas Eve.

People also decorate their houses and gardens with Christmas trees and lights.


Australians also decorate their houses with bunches of ‘Christmas Bush’, a native tree with small green leaves and cream coloured flowers.

When he gets to Australia, Santa gives the reindeer a rest and uses kangaroos or ‘six white boomers’.

It is also tradition to play backyard cricket on Boxing Day as the test match from the Melbourne Cricket Ground and the Sydney to Hobart Yacht Race begins.


Similar to other eastern European countries, families eat 12 dishes to represent the 12 apostles on Christmas Eve, including beetroot soup, fish and stuffed cabbages.


They then attend Church and enjoy a Christmas meal on January 7, abiding by the Julian calendar.


Christmas in Nigeria is a family event.


Many families will throw Christmas parties that will last all night long on Christmas Eve, then on Christmas Morning, they go to church to give thanks to God.

Homes and streets are often decorated and most homes have artificial Christmas trees.

Nigerians do eat turkey at Christmas.

However, in addition, a traditional Christmas meal may include beef, goat, sheep, ram or chicken.


In Vietnam Christmas Eve is often more important than Christmas Day.


The country used to belong to France and there are still French influences in its Christmas traditions.

For example, like in France, the special Christmas Eve meal is called ‘reveillon’ and has a ‘bûche de Noël’ (a chocolate cake in the shape of a log) for desert.

Vietnamese people like to give presents of food and at Christmas a bûche de Noël is a popular gift.

Santa is called Ông già Noel – which translates as Christmas old man.

Sri Lanka

Although Sri Lanka is mostly Buddhist (just 7 per cent of people are Christians) Christmas is still a public holiday.


For Christians in Sri Lanka, the Christmas season starts on December 1 when people let off fire crackers at dawn.

The streets are decorated and shopping centres have large Christmas trees in them.

In Sri Lanka, Santa is known as Naththal Seeya.



Christmas is also known as bada din in India meaning ‘the big day‘.

Christian community in India celebrate Christmas with pomp, gaiety and devotion.

Customs for Christmas celebrations vary in the vast expanse of India. These variations are largely because of the local cultural influence.

A large number of domestic and international tourists flock to the beaches of Goa during Christmas festival to watch Goa at its best celebration. One can also regale in the best of festive music and dance during Christmas festivities. Catholics participate in the traditional midnight mass services locally called Missa de Galo or Cock Crow as they go on well into early hours of the morning. The Carnival, preceding Lent, is the most important event .


Christmas is the time to be jolly and spread festival cheer among one and all. On this festive occasion, think what could be a better way to let your near and dear ones know what they mean to you.



Along with thanks and compliments to the sources for the shared data

Creative Commons Copyright © Arrested Developments 2015

Bad Move Demonetizing Rs 500 & Rs 1000 Notes in India

Bad Move | Demonetizing Rs 500 & Rs 1000 Currencies in India


The first thing

It will create a huge Money Scarcity.

Indian Market is surely going to crumple due to this sudden Money Scarcity.

The Second thing is that the nation is not in a form of Emergency for showing this much urgency in bringing a sudden halt to the market.


It’s a wayward step for India because a lot of people were small traders who overwhelmingly did their business in cash.

these are people who probably do have a few hundred thousand rupees – a few thousand rupees – stored under their beds and will have problems when they turn up in the bank on Thursday trying to change their money.

The move leaves a lot of uncertainty about the Indian economy in the short term as well long.

This thing needs long term planning plus confidential execution so that it may cause no losses to the Government and unwanted situation in general.

But here what they also fail to take into consideration is the cost of scrapping these high-value notes.

Presently, the share of Rs.1,000 notes in the stock of currency in circulation at the end of financial year 2015 ;a whopping 39%, with Rs.500 notes accounting for a further 45% of currency stock.

There is a significant cost in stopping issuance of Rs.1,000 and Rs.500 notes, and these costs should have been be weighed well against what misuse of high-value notes costs the economy, before we should have made a decision.

Cost Impact:

For example, cost of printing a Rs.100 note was Rs.1.79, a Rs. 10 note is 0.96 (according to the RBI data), or 9.6% of face value. The cost of printing a Rs.1,000 note (Rs.3.17), on the other hand, was only 0.32% of the face value.


In other words, for a given amount of money, it costs the RBI 30% less to print it in the form of Rs.1,000 notes than in Rs.10 notes.

It would have been better that first the Govt. should have  stopped the further issuance of Rs.500 and Rs.1,000 notes and that instead of printing new notes of these denominations, we would have printed an equivalent amount using Rs.100 and New 500 notes instead. (It is reasonable to assume that the demand for currency notes will remain the same in the new regime.)

By this We could have avoided the whopping  loss amounting somewhere between Rs.2770 to Rs.11000 Crore to the exchequer by this hurried banning of 500/1000 currencies as well this huge gap of cash created in the market.

Whats the need of Rs.2000 denomination of Currency. It is a foolish move. It will only help in further raising of cost and prices. Think it is to lower the losses suffered by RBI in scrapping Rs.500 and Rs.1000.

Any withdrawal would have to be slow: central banks were worrying that an expiry date on cash could undermine the value of the currency.

Absence of coordinated withdrawal of all high-value notes, the move is going to be much less effective.”

The unanswered questions

Much of the government’s new initiative remains mired in confusion. It is not clear exactly what will be the effect on the money supply or whether it will take out a lot of cash in circulation.

Likewise no one knows how much cash will be locked out of the system and how successful forgers will be at catching up. No-one can say definitively whether the new notes will be harder to fake.

Questions arise as to the impact in rural areas. Will they still use the old notes or will “a black market in black market notes” emerge?

It is also not clear how the banking authorities handled and planned for this huge logistical exercise which has caught so many people in jeopardy.

Read further stories:

The Trumgeddon


Early Voting may break hearts


Hillary Bhakt U.S Media


Trumpet Sounded: And there came hail and fire


A crooked Election


Leaked Emails predicted Trump’s rise






Along with thanks and compliments to the sources for the shared data

Creative Commons Copyright © Arrested Developments 2015

Media Crooks


In this section of our site we will explore and discuss how a lack of regulation and absence of a strong  broadcasting system has turned the Media around the world as a drunk and raged elephant trying to destroy the Lion’s Kingdom and lay a New Kingdom and Order of it’s own.

Media is trying to affect everything from politics to Power, Defense to Nations, Industrialists to Economies and Military to Justice.

Media has forgotten it’s actual role.

Why has so much journalism succumbed to propaganda? Why are censorship and distortion standard practice? Why is the BBC & CNN so often a mouthpiece of rapacious power? Why Rajat sharma and Arnab Goswami are called Spoke persons, Why do the New York Times, Times of India, and the Washington Post deceive their readers?


Why are young journalists not taught to understand media agendas and to challenge the high claims and low purpose of fake objectivity? And why are they not taught that the essence of so much of what’s called the mainstream media is not information, but power?

These are urgent questions. The world is facing the prospect of major war, perhaps nuclear war – India and Pakistan on the verge of full fledged War, the United States clearly determined to isolate and provoke Russia and eventually China.

The truth is being turned upside down and inside out by journalists, including those who promoted the lies.

The times we live in are so dangerous and so distorted in public perception that propaganda is no longer, as Edward Bernays called it, an “invisible government”. It is the government. It rules directly without fear of contradiction and its principal aim is the conquest of us: our sense of the world, our ability to separate truth from lies.

The information age is actually a media age. We have war by media; censorship by media; demonology by media; retribution by media; diversion by media – a surreal assembly line of obedient clichés and false assumptions.


“When the truth is replaced by silence,” said the Soviet dissident Yevtushenko, “the silence is a lie. “It’s this kind of silence we journalists need to break. We need to show them the mirror. We need to call to account an unaccountable media that services power and a psychosis that threatens world war.

In the 18th century, “Edmund Burke” described the role of the press as a Fourth Estate or Fourth Pillar of a Nation; checking the powerful. Was that ever true?

It certainly doesn’t any more.

What we need is a Fifth Estate: a journalism that monitors, deconstructs and counters propaganda and teaches the young to be agents of people, not power.

US elections and the media

The 2016 presidential election campaign heads into the home stretch, many Americans are accusing their news outlets, particularly on the broadcast side, of not just reporting on the race for the White House – but actually affecting the outcome, through their commercial agendas, prioritizing ratings and revenues over journalism and responsible reporting.

Measuring the totality of media coverage over the entire presidential campaign – the content, the tone, the ideology – is near impossible.

Right from the beginning the press has been willing and eager to call out the Trump campaign for his mistakes.

Yet Trump kept getting stronger. It’s the masses annoyance with media that his poll numbers haven’t dipped through all the controversies.

Read further stories:

The Trumgeddon


Hillary Bhakt U.S Media


Trumpet Sounded: And there came hail and fire


A crooked Election


Leaked Emails predicted Trump’s rise




Along with thanks and compliments to the sources for the shared data

Creative Commons Copyright © Arrested Developments 2015

India-Pak War?

What if India-Pak Nuke Each Other


Amidst growing tensions between India and Pakistan, of late, citizens from both sides of the Line of Control can be observed taking pride of their respective nuclear arsenal on social media platforms.

With little to zero knowledge, commoners can be easily spotted bragging about the nuclear might of their country on the internet. Also, they mindlessly go ahead in judging which country will even win a nuclear war through their posts, comments and tweets.

So, dear readers (on both sides of the fence), do you have any clue of what will happen if your casual talk on nuclear war becomes a reality?

Of course, you don’t have to drop a bomb to calculate this. Alex Wellerstein, a Harvard-educated historian, who specializes on the history of nuclear weapons and government secrecy has a nuclear effects simulator on their website.

The simulator uses the integration of Google Maps and data points collected from thousands of nuclear detonations that have taken place from 1939. The list also includes India’s largest Nuclear weapon tested which was a 65 kilo-tons bomb and Pakistan’s largest weapons tested at 45 kilotons.

These nuclear weapons are twice the size of ‘Fat Man’, the bomb that was dropped on Nagasaki during World War 2.

What will happen if India detonates its 65 Kiloton nuclear bomb in Karachi?


The simulator calculates, that if the ground zero is Sarafa Bazar in Karachi, the estimated fatalities will be in excess of 6,41,620 people. The estimated figures of people injured will be 15,96,830. Though the simulator says that modelling casualties from a nuclear attack is difficult and these numbers should be seen as evocative, not definitive.

The model also calculates the humanitarian impact of a nuclear blast. The “humanitarian impact” model works by using the Google Places API to search out tagged places near the ground zero location. This is the same algorithm Google Maps uses, whenever you ask how many restaurants are near where you happen to be.

The point of the “humanitarian impact” model is to emphasise some of the collateral impacts of a nuclear explosion, and, to indicate the ways in which support services like hospitals and fire stations would be themselves impacted by a nuclear attack.

With all these variables in place, 12,00,000 (12 lakh) lives lost is still too big if India and Pakistan go nuclear on each other.

What if Pakistan nukes New Delhi?


Similarly, if Pakistan hits New Delhi with its 45 Kiloton nuclear bomb the impact is even more disastrous as portrayed by the simulator.

6,56,070 people will lose their lives if a Pakistani nuke is detonated at Connaught Palace. There will be more than 15,28,490 people who will be injured in this attack. Places like, Jama Masjid, Purana Qila, Parliament house and even Rashtrapati Bhavan will be wiped out.

The simulator also calculates the maximum size of the nuclear fireball after detonation along with radiation radius, air blast radius and thermal radiation radius that cause 3rd-degree burns.

The implications are catastrophic if a nuclear bomb is detonated on either side. So, next time you casually talk about whether India should nuke Pakistan, or vice-versa, just head to this website and you’ll be horrified by its implications.

You can also calculate the effects of the blast in your own city on this website. Till now, more than 85.6 million people have detonated a nuclear bomb on this simulator. This is probably the safest and an educative way of detonating a nuclear bomb.


 Alex Wellerstein the creator of this simulator is an assistant professor of science and technology studies at the Stevens Institute of Technology in New Jersey. He runs Restricted Data: The Nuclear Secrecy Blog and is the creator of the NUKEMAP nuclear effects simulator



Along with thanks and compliments to the sources for the shared data

Creative Commons Copyright © Arrested Developments 2015


Will criminalising Porn solve the problem of sexual crimes India ?

Will criminalising Porn solve the problem of sexual crimes India ?

Do you really think it will help?

Pornography is an adult form of entertainment from which children are generally banned from viewing and participating. Some religious groups believe pornography to be bad because they believe it promotes promiscuity and sexual aggression towards women. Many people believe it causes rape. Critics also point out that pornography provides participants with an environment where all of their sexual needs and fantasies are met, which can cause a person to be overly excited or aroused, sometimes to the point of using violence or force to fulfill their sexual desires.

The two men, who are charged with raping a five-year-old girl in Delhi, say they watched porn and then committed the horrific crime. Increasingly, police officials are warning of links between watching porn and violent sexual crimes.

Pornography is a government-controlled industry for many reasons. It is sexual in nature and involves risky behaviors in its production.


Still, due to technological advancement Pornography is easier to get now than it was 30 years ago and it is available for free on  Internet sites. Most free, online adult porn does not contain the violent and degrading material found in other kinds which are for sale and controlled by the government.


The real problem arises with the kind of porn which depicts extreme forms of domination, force, violence, humiliation, and abuse to another person, which is called Hardcore triple-X.. Hence forth the emphasis should be on to ban these types of violent explicit pornography despite of banning as a whole.

Some people argue that ready access to pornography disrupts social order, encouraging people to commit rape, sexual assault, and other sex-related crimes. And even if pornography doesn’t trigger a crime, they say, it contributes to the degradation of women. It harms the women who are depicted by pornography, and harms those who do not participate but are encouraged to perform the acts depicted in it by men who are acculturated by it. Many even adamantly believe that pornography should become illegal.


Alternatively, others argue that pornography is an expression of fantasies that can actually inhibit sexual activity, and act as a positive displacement for sexual aggression. Pornography offers a readily available means of satisfying sexual arousal (masturbation), they say, which serves as a substitute for dangerous, harmful, and illegal activities.


it is always difficult to move from correlation to causation. The social changes in India  go far beyond pornography. The right-wing principle that there is something wrong with exposing skin (especially for women) leads naturally to the belief that women who cover fewer square inches are asking to be raped – and some who feel this way might then conceive the notion to follow up on such an invitation. Thus the reduction of rape could occur solely as a consequence of ideological shift toward sexual freedom, altogether independent of pornography per se.


Ultimately, there is no freedom that can’t Be and is never misused. This can range from the freedom to bear arms to the freedom to bear children (just look at “Surrogate mothers Act 2016 India”). But it doesn’t mean that the freedom of the majority should be restricted to prevent the abuses of the few. When people transgress into illegal behavior, there are laws to punish them, and those act as a deterrent.

Do leave your precious views ~

A very serious issue ~ Will criminalising porn address problem of sex crimes?.

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Along with thanks and compliments to the sources for the shared data

Creative Commons Copyright © Arrested Developments 2015